Development of landscape structure of Kežmarok catastral area during the years (1769 - 2007) as an example of residential development around the Tatra Mountains (Western Carpathians)
AbstractOn the basis of landscape structure we analyzed landscape changes and selected indicators of the assessment landscape as ecological stability and atrophic influence from eight time horizons. Landscape forms, changes in land use intensity, unchanged areas and relative unchanged areas were analyzed in relation to selected abiotic characteristics of the environment. The greatest changes occurred in the group of agricultural fields, where the abandonment of traditional management (1957) and the decline of agriculture in the 90’s 20th century led to 25% decline in size of agricultural fields converted to grasslands and urban areas. Extensification was observed especially in areas of higher slopes and higher altitudes. Results at the local level reflect the general (global) trends in land use across Europe.
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