Development of the road network in the submountain area of the High Tatra mountains as a potential source of heavy metal pollution: a case study of the Kežmarok town
This study shows the landscape types, which could be threatened by heavy metals production of the road network in the model submountain area. Development of traffic and its potential impact is analyzed in the cadastral Kežmarok area during the years 1870−2008. Development of the road network shows changes in the country affecting the possibility of heavy metals dislocations and environmental quality. The most intensive increase of the road network area was recorded in 1957 because of the industrial development after the Second World War and the reconstruction of the railways originally built in 1889. Further development is characterized by the decrease of road network area because of less usage of field roads. The most threatened part of the land use by heavy metals dislocations was most likely agricultural land, but later in the development of land use structure the grasslands replaced it.
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