Revenues of stakeholders in the national parks and landscape protection areas of the Slovak Republic
In a recent study, the value of the economic benefits generated by the national parks and landscape protection areas of the Slovak Republic was estimated at 500 million euros per year (Table 5). The two categories of economic values captured in this estimate are the direct use values and the non-use values associated with downstream water services, mining, fishery, hunting, agricultural and forest products extracted from the lands, and recreational activities carried out on the lands. The recreational activities are divided into the hard- and soft tourism according to the interests of clients. The amount of value added from the market-traded products associated with the fishery, hunting, mining, agricultural and forest industry activities taking place on the lands was approximately 280 million per year, while the total economic value of recreation-related activities on the lands was estimated at 200 million per year - 60 million in consumer expenditures in the mass tourism (down hill skiing urbanised resorts) and 140 million in consumer expenditures in the soft tourism (nature atractivity, scenery, hiking, atc.). This value captures the willingness to pay of people for the benefits they receive from visual and amateur research provided by the lands, it represents the direct use value to local people as well as non-use values to visitors. Further, using a benefit transfer approach and employing very conservative estimates from 0.5 to two percent of the reported revenues (values), the authors suggested new model of financing of nature protection organisations in the Slovak Republic.
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